# Quick start with R: Scatterplot with regression line (Part 26)

Today let’s re-create two variables and see how to plot them and include a regression line. We take height to be a variable that describes the heights (in cm) of ten people. Copy and paste the following code to the R command line to create this variable.
`height <- c(176, 154, 138, 196, 132, 176, 181, 169, 150, 175)`
Now let’s take bodymass to be a variable that describes the masses (in kg) of the same ten people. Copy and paste the following code to the R command line to create the weight variable.
`bodymass <- c(82, 49, 53, 112, 47, 69, 77, 71, 62, 78)`
Both variables are now stored in the R workspace. To view them, enter:
```height bodymass ```

We can now create a simple plot of the two variables as follows:
`plot(bodymass, height)`

We can enhance this plot using various arguments within the `plot()` command. Copy and paste the following code into the R workspace:
`plot(bodymass, height, pch = 16, cex = 1.3, col = "blue", main = "HEIGHT PLOTTED AGAINST BODY MASS", xlab = "BODY MASS (kg)", ylab = "HEIGHT (cm)")`

In the above code, the syntax `pch = 16` creates solid dots, while `cex = 1.3` creates dots that are 1.3 times bigger than the default (where `cex = 1`). More about these commands later.
Now let’s perform a linear regression using `lm()` on the two variables by adding the following text at the command line:
`lm(height ~ bodymass)`

We see that the intercept is 98.0054 and the slope is 0.9528. By the way – `lm` stands for “linear model”.
Finally, we can add a best fit line (regression line) to our plot by adding the following text at the command line:
`abline(98.0054, 0.9528)`
Another line of syntax that will plot the regression line is:
`abline(lm(height ~ bodymass))`

None of this was so difficult! In our next blog we will look again at regression.
David

#### Annex: R codes used

[code lang="r"]<br />
# Create the height variable.<br />
height &lt;- c(176, 154, 138, 196, 132, 176, 181, 169, 150, 175)</p>

<p># Create the weight variable.<br />
bodymass &lt;- c(82, 49, 53, 112, 47, 69, 77, 71, 62, 78)</p>

<p># View both variables.<br />
height<br />
bodymass </p>

<p># Create a scatterplot of height against bodymass variable.<br />
plot(bodymass, height)</p>

<p># Create more complete scatterplot of height against bodymass variable.<br />
plot(bodymass, height, pch = 16, cex = 1.3, col = &quot;blue&quot;, main = &quot;HEIGHT PLOTTED AGAINST BODY MASS&quot;, xlab = &quot;BODY MASS (kg)&quot;, ylab = &quot;HEIGHT (cm)&quot;)</p>

<p># Perform a linear regression on the two variables.<br />
lm(height ~ bodymass)</p>

<p># Add a best fit line (regression line) to the plot.<br />
abline(98.0054, 0.9528)</p>

<p># Alternatively we can plot the regression line using the following syntax:<br />
abline(lm(height ~ bodymass))<br />
[/code]

Posted in R